There are many inherent problems with fishing a fast flowing and shallow river, and one of the most prevalent issues is keeping your baited hook where you want it to be. In these conditions, the constant anglers find themselves casting more frequently, as the baited hooks will be caught in the fact currents and moved towards the shoreline, into weed beds or other problematic areas of the water bodies.
The best methods for fishing a fast flowing and shallow river are to use heavy weights, set at a short distance from your baited hook. Using heavy line will help in keeping your offerings at the bottom of the water, or slightly above the bottom of the water, which is the ideal location for setting your trap for the fish you are hunting for. Using a bobber usually turns into a nightmare, as the current thrash the bobber around, and twists your line into a gnarled mess.
In a fast flowing and shallow river, you will notice that most fish are swimming against the current, especially in the lead-up to spawning season. Having your baited hook set at a few inches above a rocky bottomed area will help you in catching more fish more often, as they will frequently feed to gain more energy for their fight against the currents. Using a heavyweight, set a foot or two above the hook, as well as a heavy jig head, will help to keep your baited hook where it should be, under the surface of the water.
For fly fishers, this is one of the ideal locations for fishing, as their flies float on the top of the water, and therefore will catch the fish that are feeding on flies and other topwater meals. Topwater lures, like crankbaits, mice and wet flies will work wonders in fast and shallow rivers, as will worms set on rocky shoals and after quick turns in the river.
One of the more popular problems with fishing a fast flowing and shallow river is to keep the lure or live bait in a presentable position in the river. Using a deep-diving lure, like one of the many deep-diving shad lures with large bills will work well in these conditions, as they dive deeper in faster waters or during quicker retrievals, and will stay on the bottom of the water body longer. Split-minnow lures with larger bills are one of the more prosperous lures to use in these conditions.
So, make sure that you have some heavyweights, some heavy jig heads to bait your live worms, grubs, minnows or other offerings with. Weights should be set no more than a few inches above the hook, so make sure that the weights that you use blend well with the surroundings.
Dark grey or black weights are more likely not to be noticed by the fish, which may be spooked if they notice the additions nearby their proffered meals.